Omega 3 Benefits and The Central Nervous System
Omega 3 Benefits: Adipose tissue alone contains more fatty acids than the human central nervous system, including the brain. The omega-3 unsaturated fatty acids DHA, which are the most common fatty acid in the human brain, account for 15% of all brain fatty acids. Omega-3 phospholipids play a key role in the structure and function of brain cell membranes, and in the transmission of cellular impulses. Lack of Omega-3 in brain tissue can lead to functional failure and mental retardation.
Delivery of Omega-3 Phospholipids to The Brain
Sixty percent of the human brain is compose of fats, and, according to scientists, at least thirty percent of the total amount of fat comes from omega-3 fatty acids.
This type of fatty acid is require by the body for cell development. During pregnancy, the baby receives Omega-3 fatty acids through the mother’s body, and after birth – through breast milk. Omega-3 deficiencies can lead to impair brain development and visual structure.
Throughout life, the amount of Omega-3 in the brain is influence by diet and intake of fatty acids at different stages of human development.
The access of fatty acids to the brain is limited, only omega-3 and amino acids are able to cross the blood-brain barrier. While human milk contains relatively small amounts of Omega-3s, more are in the form of phospholipids.
The omega-3 phospholipid form is more efficient for transportation to the brain tissue than the omega-3 triglyceride form. Thus, phospholipids are a superior source of Omega-3 for brain tissue.
Maintaining Brain Health With Omega-3 Phospholipids
Regular intake of Omega-3s is essential to maintain memory and mental performance, which begin to decline after middle age. Omega 3 phospholipids are also essential for normal brain activity, as it provides a quick influx of energy, which helps the transmission of impulses that carry a signal from one cell to another, this enhances mental activity, improves memory.
Consumption of omega-3 phospholipids helps reduce the risk of developing serious mental illness.
Omega-3 Phospholipids and Early Brain Development
Brain formation and development occur especially rapidly during the third trimester of embryonic life and the first two years after birth. A lack of certain nutrients can disrupt the complex process of brain development.
Omega-3 is an essential nutrient for optimal development and growth of the human brain, and adequate supply is essential from an early stage in embryonic life.
Mother’s milk provides the highest percentage of Omega-3s in the form of phospholipids, and Omega-3 phospholipids are the prefer form for delivering Omega-3s to the human brain.
Mood Swings- Omega-3 Phospholipids
Omega-3 deficiencies play a potentially important role in managing mood variability.
Omega-3 and its relationship to depression are currently an area of great interest for scientists. Research shows that omega-3 deficiency can trigger the onset of depression and that omega-3 plays a significant role in mood swings.
Omega-3 Phospholipids and ADHD
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is said to be the largest neurological disorder in children. Affecting 8% to 12% of children worldwide. ADHD, classified as a mental disorder, affects a child’s behavior.
The main signs are inattention and hyperactivity. Both environmental and genetic factors can contribute to the development of ADHD. Omega-3 supplementation has a positive effect on ADHD disorders.
Children and adolescents with ADHD had low blood levels of Omega-3 and decrease Omega-3 levels in the brain. Supplemental, increase Omega-3 intake was almost as effective as ADHD drug therapy.
Mechanisms of The Effect of Omega-3 Phospholipids on The Brain
The effective effects of Omega-3s on the brain have been attributed to several mechanisms. Omega-3 phospholipids are more efficiently absorbed by the brain tissue than omega-3 triglycerides.
Observations also show that omega-3 phospholipids also provide greater efficiency in brain function. Another significant effect of the influence of Omega-3 on brain tissue is a change in the development of inflammatory processes.
Which occurs as follows: An increased content of Omega-3 in cell membranes leads to an increase in the production of Omega-3 and also decrease in inflammatory reactions.
Increased omega-3 levels result in weaker inflammatory responses that cause less damage to surrounding tissues. Omega-3 also helps to reduce platelet aggregation,
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