Krill Oil: The body is a living machine. Like any machine, it has different systems that ensure its operation. For an athlete, in comparison with ordinary people, competent actions are especially important to make these systems maximum efficiency and maintain their high performance.
Sports and Human- Role of Krill Oil
Sport makes special demands on all systems of the body, and especially on the cardiovascular system. Because the nutrition of muscles, ligaments and joints, and the brain depends on its effective work. The athlete’s muscle mass increases under the influence of intense exertion, and the mass nutrition system remains the same. This means that the cardiovascular system of an athlete always works in an exorbitant mode.
The more muscle mass increases, the greater the requirements for the state and performance of the heart and blood vessels. The main enemy of the cardiovascular system is cholesterol. But cholesterol, on the one hand, is require by the body, since it participates in the construction of body cells and substances very necessary for the body.
Including hormones, are synthesize from it. On the other hand, it is dangerous for the heart and blood vessels. But not all cholesterol is dangerous.
Cholesterol is always present in the human body. Since the body synthesizes most of it itself, and receives a smaller part from animal food. Therefore, it is believe that cholesterol-free diets can reduce blood levels by only 20%.
Modern Age and Athletes Life
The life of an athlete is quite stressful – intense training and competition. All this gives a serious additional load on the cardiovascular system and gradually leads to malfunctions in its work. The evidence of the intensity of sports stress is the well-known phenomenon of a drop in immunity in athletes during competition. And not only among the security forces, but even among the chess players
Physical activity inherent in modern sports leads to excessive formation of reactive oxygen species and a significant increase in the rate of LPO. With intense and volumetric physical activity. The negative impact of LPO increases, significantly slowing down the recovery processes and subsequently reducing the general and special working capacity of athletes (R.D. Seyfulla et al., 2002).
Biologically active food supplements and specialized products that facilitate tolerance and reduce the negative effects of physical and psycho-emotional stress are one of the main means of recovery for athletes.
Components- Antarctic Krill
The main components of this natural product made from Antarctic krill (small shrimp) are Omega-3 in a unique form of phospholipids and the extremely powerful antioxidant astaxanthin.
Omega-3 phospholipids are a structural component of all cell membranes, but the largest amount of Omega-3 is found in the nervous tissue and meninges, liver, and kidneys.
Omega-3s are embedded in the membranes of synapses and increase the speed of neuromuscular transmission. Also, Omega-3 phospholipids are incorporate into the ion channels of cells, optimizing the process of contraction and relaxation of muscle fibers.
The greatest evidence base has a positive effect of Omega – 3 on the cardiovascular system. Omega-3s dissolve cholesterol deposits in blood vessels, reducing the size of plaques and the severity of atherosclerotic changes.
Formed from Omega-3 PUFA prostacyclin 3 (PC3) has a vasodilating effect and lowers blood pressure, and synthesize thromboxane 3 (TK3). Which has a pronounced antiaggregatory effect.
These effects of Omega-3 improve blood flow through the vessels and increase the amount of nutrients and oxygen delivered to organs and tissues. The process of tissue respiration improves.
The phenomena of osteoarthritis also limit the athlete in the necessary physical activity. And here Omega-3 phospholipids will help, which, acting as a substrate for oxidation in the cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase pathways. Promote the production of prostaglandins and leukotrienes with anti-inflammatory and antithrombotic properties.
An increase in the content of these acids in phospholipids of cell membranes is accompanied by inhibition of the production of cytokines. Which play a key role in the development of chronic inflammatory processes of the joints.
In research conducted by Aker Bio Marine, krill oil has been shown to be 20% better at reducing signs of chronic inflammation than fish oil.
The human brain is one of the largest “consumers” of Omega-3 PUFAs. Which are necessary for the synthesis of serotonin in the brain. Which leads to a tendency to reduce depression and improve mood.
A high intake of Omega-3s significantly reduces the likelihood of memory and cognitive impairment. And also reduces the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. One recent study showed that people who receive an omega-3 fat diet showed significant improvements in their quality of life.
Krill Oil- Powerful Agent
In addition, Omega 3 fatty acids in the form of phospholipids are powerful hepatoprotectors and are part of a number of special preparations for protecting the liver. In addition to direct action to protect the liver. They help it manage cholesterol levels in the body, which also leads to an improvement in the functioning of the heart and blood vessels.
Astaxanthin in Krill Oil is an extremely powerful antioxidant. The unique structure of the astaxanthin molecule allows it to protect the body many times more effectively than other means. Therefore it is rightfully called a new generation super-antioxidant. In addition, astaxanthin improves energy metabolism.
In Sweden, a double-blind study was conducted in which 40 healthy students were divided into two groups for a series of physiological studies, with one group supplemented with astaxanthin from the Haematococcus microalgae and the other not.
After six months, there were significant differences in strength and endurance in squats and dumbbell exercises between groups. The placebo group averaged only 35% of the astaxanthin-fed group.
It is also very important that krill oil is a powerful preventive agent with no harmful side effects. It is clear that it is better not to have a health problem than to have it and then solve it with an unknown prognosis for success.
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